Champagne

What are the size bottles that Champagne comes in above a Litre?
Magnum = 2B
Jeroboam = 4B
Rehoboam = 6B (extinct)
Methuselah = 8B
Salmanzar = 12B
Balthazar = 16B
Nebuchadnezzar = 20B

Name the grapes of Champagne
Chardonnay
Pinot Noir
Pinot Meunier

Define Methode Traditionelle
2nd fermentation in this bottle meaning - the 2nd fermentation takes place in the bottle that is sold to you.

Define Riddling
Riddling is the process of turning the bottles sharply and slowly increasing their downward angle to make the lies and sediment pool in the neck of the bottle.

State the difference between Extra Brut and Extra Dry
Extra Brut has no sugar added during dosage. Extra Dry is a sweeter level that was created for marketing to US and English customers.

Define Tete de Cuvee
It is the producers best blend in Champagne.

State the minimum sur lie aging for NV Champagne.
18 months

State the minimum sur lie aging for Vintage Champagne.
3 years

Define the term for adding sugar just prior to corking.
Dosage.

Define Blanc de Noirs
White of Darks meaning Black grapes only so the champagne therefore contains only pinot noir or pinot meunier

Define Blanc de Blancs
White of Whites meaning white grapes only.

What are the districts of Champagne and which one only grows Chardonnay? 
Montagne de Reims
The Aube
Vallee de la Marne
Cote de Sezanne
Cote de Blancs - only Chard

Define Remontage
French word for various systems of pumping over, circulating liquid in the fermentation vessel through the cap of grape solids during red wine fermentation.

Define Foulage
French for the wine-making operation of crushing grapes.

Define Mac├ęration Pelliculaire
French term for the pre-fermentation maceration of white grapes known as skin contact.

Define D├ęgorgement
French term for the disgorgement operations at the end of the traditional method of sparkling wine-making entailing the removal of a pellet of frozen sediment from the neck of each bottle.

Define Enc├ępagement
Widely used French term for the mix of vine varieties planted on a particular property.

What is the most Northerly wine region in France?
Champagne

Which two areas in Champagne are most black grapes grown?
Montagne de Reims and Vallee de la Marne

Which two areas in Champagne is most Chardonnay grown?
Cote des Blancs and Cote Sezanne

Name the only three methods of pruning allowed in Champagne
Guyot - simple and double
Chablis
Cordon de Royat327

What is the name of the vineyard grading system in Champagne?
echelle

Explain what CM means on a Champagne bottle.
CM means that the champagne has been made by a cooperative that makes and sells Champagne under one or more brands that it owns

Explain what NM means on a Champagne bottle.
NM means that the wine has been sold under the House which made it
-traditionally referred to as a "house". Ex: Bollinger &Louis Roederer

Explain what RM means on a Champagne bottle.
RM means that the champagne is produced by a grower from their own grapes
-known as grower-producer or grower for short

Explain what RC means on a Champagne bottle.
RC means that the grower delivers grapes to a cooperative and in part or full payment, receives back ready made champagne

Explain what MA means on a Champagne bottle.
MA means a brand name owned by the purchaser such as a restaurant, supermarket, or wine merchant

Explain what SR means on a Champagne bottle.
SR means that a publicly registered firm set up by two or more growers, often related-who share premises to make and market their Champs under more than one brand

Explain what NR means on a Champagne bottle.
NR stands for Negocient-Distributeur which is a company that sells on champagne it did not make, to others who then retail it

What does the standard size press hold in Champagne? (kg)D
2550 liters

What is the definition of vin de cuvee?
The first 2050 liters of the main champagne pressing

What is the definition of premier taille?
the final 500 liters of the main pressing in champagne wine production

What is the significance of assemblage in Champagne?
the hallmark or style of each champagne house

Who is credited with inventing la methode champenoise? (name and abbey)
Dom Perignon, cellar master at the Abbey in Hautvillers

Who is credited with inventing and developing the remuage process?
Madame Nicole -Barbe Cliquot-Ponsardin

What is remuage?
An essential step in the production of Champagne. The remuage or riddling process involves gradual turning and inversion of the bottle, bring the lees into the neck prior to their removal

What is the other name that dosage is sometimes called?
Liqueur d'expedition

Name two high quality rose producers in Champagne.
Gatinois and Paul Dethume

What is the primary varietal of Montagne de Reims and what are its Grand Cru Villages
Pinot Noir;
Ambonnay
Bouzy
Verzy
Verzenay
Louvois
Mailly
Sillery
Beaumont-sur-Vesle
Puisieux

What is the primary varietal of the Cotes des Blancs and what are its Grand Cru Villages
Chardonnay;
Mesnil-sur-Oger
Oger
Oiry
Chouilly
Cramant
Avize

What is the primary varietal of the Vall├ę de la Marne and what are its Grand Cru Villages
Pinot Munier;
Äy
Tours-sur-Marne

What is the primary varietal of the C├┤tes de S├ęzanne?
Chardonnay

What is the primary varietal of the Aube?
Pinot Noir

What is the only AC wine that permits the method of production for rose wine by blending red and white wines together?
Rose champagne

What is the Cuvee de Prestige of Bollinger?
Grand Annee

What is the Cuvee de Prestige of Krug (2)?
Krug Collection
Grand Cuvee (non-vintage)

What is the Cuvee de Prestige of Laurent Perrier?
Grand Siecle (non-vintage)

What is the Cuvee de Prestige of Louis Roederer?
Cristal

What is the Cuvee de Prestige of Moet & Chandon?
Dom Perignon

What is the Cuvee de Prestige of Perrier Jouet?
Belle Epoque

What is the Cuvee de Prestige of Pol Roger?
Winston Churchill

What is the Cuvee de Prestige of Pommery?
Cuvee Louise

What is the Cuvee de Prestige of Ruinart?
Dom Ruinart

What is the Cuvee de Prestige of Taittinger?
Comtes de Champagne

What is the Cuvee de Prestige of Veuve Cliquot?
La Grande Dame

What is the Cuvee de Prestige of Jacquesson?
Grand Signature

What is liqueur de tirage?
Measured quantities of liquid sugar, yeast, and a little tannin that produce a second fermentation in the bottle

How long do non-vintage champagnes mature on their lees?
Minimum of 15 months from the date of bottling

How long do vintage champagnes mature on their lees?
3 years from the date of bottling

What are the two methods of disgorgement?
the traditional method a la volee and the modern method, a la glace

What is the a la glace method?
Placing the bottle necks into a shallow trough containing freezing mixture which will freeze a small pellet of wine below the sediment

What is dosage?
The measured amount of sweetened wine that replaces the wine lost at degorgement

What determines the style of the wine that is made into Champagne?
The % of sugar syrup in the dosage

What is another name for dosage?
Liqueur d' expedition

What are the 6 styles of Champagne from driest to sweetest?
Brut naturelle
Brut
Extra Sec
Sec
Demi-sec
Doux, rich

What is the difference between Petillant and Perlant wines?
Petillant means slightly sparkling and Perlant means very lightly sparkling

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