What are the size bottles that Champagne comes in above a Litre?
Magnum = 2B
Jeroboam = 4B
Rehoboam = 6B (extinct)
Methuselah = 8B
Salmanzar = 12B
Balthazar = 16B
Nebuchadnezzar = 20B
Name the grapes of Champagne
Define Methode Traditionelle
2nd fermentation in this bottle meaning - the 2nd fermentation takes place in the bottle that is sold to you.
Riddling is the process of turning the bottles sharply and slowly increasing their downward angle to make the lies and sediment pool in the neck of the bottle.
State the difference between Extra Brut and Extra Dry
Extra Brut has no sugar added during dosage. Extra Dry is a sweeter level that was created for marketing to US and English customers.
Define Tete de Cuvee
It is the producers best blend in Champagne.
State the minimum sur lie aging for NV Champagne.
State the minimum sur lie aging for Vintage Champagne.
Define the term for adding sugar just prior to corking.
Define Blanc de Noirs
White of Darks meaning Black grapes only so the champagne therefore contains only pinot noir or pinot meunier
Define Blanc de Blancs
White of Whites meaning white grapes only.
What are the districts of Champagne and which one only grows Chardonnay?
Montagne de Reims
Vallee de la Marne
Cote de Sezanne
Cote de Blancs - only Chard
French word for various systems of pumping over, circulating liquid in the fermentation vessel through the cap of grape solids during red wine fermentation.
French for the wine-making operation of crushing grapes.
Define Macération Pelliculaire
French term for the pre-fermentation maceration of white grapes known as skin contact.
French term for the disgorgement operations at the end of the traditional method of sparkling wine-making entailing the removal of a pellet of frozen sediment from the neck of each bottle.
Widely used French term for the mix of vine varieties planted on a particular property.
What is the most Northerly wine region in France?
Which two areas in Champagne are most black grapes grown?
Montagne de Reims and Vallee de la Marne
Which two areas in Champagne is most Chardonnay grown?
Cote des Blancs and Cote Sezanne
Name the only three methods of pruning allowed in Champagne
Guyot - simple and double
Cordon de Royat327
What is the name of the vineyard grading system in Champagne?
Explain what CM means on a Champagne bottle.
CM means that the champagne has been made by a cooperative that makes and sells Champagne under one or more brands that it owns
Explain what NM means on a Champagne bottle.
NM means that the wine has been sold under the House which made it
-traditionally referred to as a "house". Ex: Bollinger &Louis Roederer
Explain what RM means on a Champagne bottle.
RM means that the champagne is produced by a grower from their own grapes
-known as grower-producer or grower for short
Explain what RC means on a Champagne bottle.
RC means that the grower delivers grapes to a cooperative and in part or full payment, receives back ready made champagne
Explain what MA means on a Champagne bottle.
MA means a brand name owned by the purchaser such as a restaurant, supermarket, or wine merchant
Explain what SR means on a Champagne bottle.
SR means that a publicly registered firm set up by two or more growers, often related-who share premises to make and market their Champs under more than one brand
Explain what NR means on a Champagne bottle.
NR stands for Negocient-Distributeur which is a company that sells on champagne it did not make, to others who then retail it
What does the standard size press hold in Champagne? (kg)D
What is the definition of vin de cuvee?
The first 2050 liters of the main champagne pressing
What is the definition of premier taille?
the final 500 liters of the main pressing in champagne wine production
What is the significance of assemblage in Champagne?
the hallmark or style of each champagne house
Who is credited with inventing la methode champenoise? (name and abbey)
Dom Perignon, cellar master at the Abbey in Hautvillers
Who is credited with inventing and developing the remuage process?
Madame Nicole -Barbe Cliquot-Ponsardin
What is remuage?
An essential step in the production of Champagne. The remuage or riddling process involves gradual turning and inversion of the bottle, bring the lees into the neck prior to their removal
What is the other name that dosage is sometimes called?
Name two high quality rose producers in Champagne.
Gatinois and Paul Dethume
What is the primary varietal of Montagne de Reims and what are its Grand Cru Villages
What is the primary varietal of the Cotes des Blancs and what are its Grand Cru Villages
What is the primary varietal of the Vallé de la Marne and what are its Grand Cru Villages
What is the primary varietal of the Côtes de Sézanne?
What is the primary varietal of the Aube?
What is the only AC wine that permits the method of production for rose wine by blending red and white wines together?
What is the Cuvee de Prestige of Bollinger?
What is the Cuvee de Prestige of Krug (2)?
Grand Cuvee (non-vintage)
What is the Cuvee de Prestige of Laurent Perrier?
Grand Siecle (non-vintage)
What is the Cuvee de Prestige of Louis Roederer?
What is the Cuvee de Prestige of Moet & Chandon?
What is the Cuvee de Prestige of Perrier Jouet?
What is the Cuvee de Prestige of Pol Roger?
What is the Cuvee de Prestige of Pommery?
What is the Cuvee de Prestige of Ruinart?
What is the Cuvee de Prestige of Taittinger?
Comtes de Champagne
What is the Cuvee de Prestige of Veuve Cliquot?
La Grande Dame
What is the Cuvee de Prestige of Jacquesson?
What is liqueur de tirage?
Measured quantities of liquid sugar, yeast, and a little tannin that produce a second fermentation in the bottle
How long do non-vintage champagnes mature on their lees?
Minimum of 15 months from the date of bottling
How long do vintage champagnes mature on their lees?
3 years from the date of bottling
What are the two methods of disgorgement?
the traditional method a la volee and the modern method, a la glace
What is the a la glace method?
Placing the bottle necks into a shallow trough containing freezing mixture which will freeze a small pellet of wine below the sediment
What is dosage?
The measured amount of sweetened wine that replaces the wine lost at degorgement
What determines the style of the wine that is made into Champagne?
The % of sugar syrup in the dosage
What is another name for dosage?
Liqueur d' expedition
What are the 6 styles of Champagne from driest to sweetest?
What is the difference between Petillant and Perlant wines?
Petillant means slightly sparkling and Perlant means very lightly sparkling