How are VDNs produced?
VDNs are produced by adding neutral spirit to fermenting must to arrest the fermentation and raising the alcohol level to 15-18 percent abv.
Name 8 VDNs and their general locations.
Muscat de Beaumes-de-Venise (Vaucluse in Cotes-du-Rhone)
Muscat de Rivesaltes (Roussillon)
Muscat de Frontignan (Languedoc)
Muscat de Setubal (Terras Do Sado)
Banyuls (South of France)
Rasteau (Southern Rhone)
How are VDLs produced?
VDNs are produced by adding grape spirit to must before any fermentation has taken place. Alcohol level is around 16-17 percent abv.
What is another name for VDLs?
Name 4 VDLs and the grape spirit used for their production.
Pineau des Charentes – Cognac
Floc de Gascogne –Armagnac
Ratafia de Champagne – Marc de Champagne
Australia’s muscats and Tokays – Muscadelle wines
Where are Riquewihr and Ribeauville located?