Name the only area that Manzanilla style sherry is produced
Sanlucar de Barameda
Name the sherry soil types
Albariza - primary
Barros -clay soil
Arenas - sand
What are the 3 sub regions of Rioja?
Where is Vega Sicilia produced? And what is the grape?
Ribera del Duero in Spain - Tempranillo
What is the most important town in Cava?
Name the sherry cask system and the sherries it produces from lightest to sweetest
The Solera system
What are the grapes in Priorat?
Sometimes Cabernet Sauvignon
What is the main grape used to make Rueda
Name 2 grapes in Cava?
Name the level and time of aging wines in Spain
Joben - young wines, no aging
Crianza - 6mos- 1yr
Reserva aprox - 3 yrs
Gran Reserva aprox - 5 yrs
Name the grapes used in the Jerez region
Name the grapes of Madeira in sweetness order
What is the Tempranillo called in the Douro Valley
Name 3 grapes in Rioja
Name the 6 quality levels of Spanish wine.
Vino de Mesa (VdM)
Vino de la Tierra (VdlT)
Vino de Calidad con Indicacion Geographica (VCIG)
Denominacion de Origen (DO)
Denominacion de Origen Calificada (DOCa)
Denominacion de Pagos (DOP)
Name 2 DOCa Regions.
Rioja and Priorat.
Define Grandes Pagos.
A single estate wine.
Name 2 red grapes and 2 white grapes of Rioja and Navarra.
Graciano Mazuelo (Carinena - Carignane)
Name the 3 sub-zones of Rioja.
State the aging requirements for Rioja Joven, Crianza, Reserva, and Gran Reserva.
Joven - Max 2 years
Crianza - Min 2 years (1 in barrel)
Reserva - Min 3 years (1 in barrel)
Gran Reserva - Min 5 years (2 in barrel)
Name the principal town of Sherry.
Name the grapes of Sherry.
Pedro Ximenez (PX)
State what is character of Albariza soil.
One of 3 soils used to produce Sherry grapes. A soil that retains water, but dries out on top and makes the roots dig down while protecting the water beneath from the heat keeping it from evaporating.
Describe the Solera system.
A fractional blending method to introduce older wine to younger wine year to year never exceeding 1/3 of a barrel.
Name the main styles of Sherry.
Fino, Manzanilla, Amantillado, Palo Cortado, Oloroso, Almancenistas, Cream Sherry.
A yeast film that forms on the surface of the wine in the barrel.
Name the most important grape(s) of Priorat.
Describe the Gratalops Project.
Alvaro Palacio and other young winemakers planted on higher elevations and slopes and modernized winemaking.
Name Spain’s sparkling wine DO and the grapes.
Name the most important grape(s) of Ribera del Duero.
Also some bordeaux varieties
Name the grape that Tinto de Toro is a synonym of
State the DO of Vega Sicilia.
Ribera del Duero
State the most important grape(s) of Rias Baixas.
What's the Spanish equivalent to AOC?
What's the Spanish equivalent to French VDQS?
What's Spanish regional wine called?
VC (Vino Comarcal)
What's the lowest category of Spanish wine called?
VdM (Vino de Mesa)
Where is Priorat located?
What is the quality level of Priorat?
What is the highest Spanish classification of quality?
What are Vinos de Pagos?
estate wines of particularly high quality.
How long do Crianza wines in Ribera Del Duero and Rioja have to be aged in oak before release?
1 year out of two years maturation before release
Name the subzones of Rioja
Alta, Alavesa, Baja
What are the aging regulations for wines labeled Crianza?
Reds must age a minimum of 2 years with at least 6 months in cask. Whites and rosados must age a minimum of 12 months with at least 6 months in cask.
What are the aging regulations for wines labeled Reserva?
Red wines must age for 3 years with a minimum 1 year in cask. Whites and rosés must age 2 years with a minimum 6 months in cask.
What are the aging regulations for wines labeled Gran Reserva?
Red wines must age for 5 years with a minimum 1.5 years in cask. Whites and rosés must age 4 years with a minimum 6 months in wood.
What is the largest demarcated wine DO in Spain?
What are the 3 DOCa of Spain?
Rioja Priorat Ribera Del Duero
DO that makes good quality reds from Monastrell.
What is Valdepenas and which varietals are used?
Valdepenas is a DO in Spain
Cencibel (Temp) for reds
Airen for whites
Roses and light reds from a mixture
Where is Montilla Moriles and what kind of wine is produced?
Montilla Moriles is located in Spain and it produces strong white wines made from PX and blended in Solera system.
How are the sweeter style wines in Montilla Moriles produced?
What usually happens to dry white wines in Montilla Moriles?
Dry white wines are attacked by Flor
What are the most highly rated wines of Navarra DO and which varietals are used in it's production?
Roses made mostly from Garnacha
Name 2 sub-districts of Navarra
What is the main white varietal of Navarra?
Where is Cava located?
What are the 3 sub regions of Penedes?
What are the two main grapes used for production in Cava and which sub-region are they mostly grown?
Xarello and Macabeo are mostly grown in Medio-Penedes.
Where are top quality grapes grown in Priorat?
In slate soils on the slopes of the Priorat mountains.
What are the varietals used to produce Priorat red wines? (6)
Grenache, Carignan, Cab Sauv, Syrah, Merlot, and Tempranillo
What is the DO surrounding Priorat and what kind of wines are produced there?
Montsant surrounds Priorat and uses the same blend; Grenache, Carignan, Cab Sauv, Syrah, Merlot, and Tempranillo
Where is Vega Sicilia located?
Ribera Del Duero
What are the varietals used to produce Ribera Del Duero red wines?
Mostly Tempranillo with the rest of the blend smaller amounts of Grenache, Cab Sauvignon, Merlot, Malbec
What is the name of a high quality red wine in Ribera Del Duero made from 100% Tempranillo?
Name 3 subzones of Rias Baixas
Val do Salnes
Condado do Tea
Ribeira do Ulla
What are the 3 subdistricts of Rioja
What are the varietals used to produce white wines from Rioja?
What is Rueda DO best known for producing?
Best white wine producing regions in Spain made from at least 50% Verejo plus Viura
What are the varietal regulations for Rueda Espumoso and Rueda Superior?
Must contain a minimum of 85% Verdejo
What is the traditional wine style of Tarragona Classico?
Tarrogona Classisco Licoroso which is a sweet red fortified wine matured in oak.
What kind of wine does Toro DO mainly produce
Dry red wines based on Garnacha and Tempranillo